1 Yahweh spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt and said, 2 “This month is to be the beginning of all months, the first month of your year. 3 Speak to the community of Israel and say to them:
3 On the tenth day of this month let each family take a lamb, a lamb for each house. 4 If the family is too small for a lamb, they must join with a neighbor, the nearest to the house, according to the number of persons and to what each one can eat.
5 You will select a perfect lamb without blemish, a male born during the present year, taken from the sheep or goats. 6 Then you will keep it until the fourteenth day of the month.
6 On that evening all the people will slaughter their lambs 7 and take some of the blood to put on the doorposts and on top of the doorframes of the houses where you eat.
8 That night you will eat the flesh roasted at the fire with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.
9 Do not eat the meat lightly cooked or boiled in water but roasted entirely over the fire—the head, the legs and the inner parts. 10 Do not leave any of it until the morning. If any is left till morning, burn it in the fire.
11 And this is how you will eat: with a belt round your waist, sandals on your feet and a staff in your hand. You shall eat hastily for it is a passover in honor of Yahweh. 12 On that night I shall go through Egypt and strike every firstborn in Egypt, men and animals; and I will even bring judgment on all the gods of Egypt, I, Yahweh! 13 The blood on your houses will be the sign that you are there. I will see the blood and pass over you; and you will es cape the mortal plague when I strike Egypt.
14 This is a day you are to remember and celebrate in honor of Yah weh. It is to be kept as a festival day for all gene rations forever.
The feast of the unleavened bread
15 For seven days you are to eat unleavened bread. From the first day you are to remove all leaven from your houses, for whoever eats leavened bread from the first to the seventh day will no longer live in Israel. 16 On the first day there will be a sacred reunion and another on the seventh. No work is to be done on these days except what is necessary in the preparation of food.
17 Celebrate the feast of unleavened bread, because on that day I brought your armies out of Egypt. Celebrate it in future generations as an everlasting ordinance. 18 In the first month, from the fourteenth day in the evening to the twenty-first, you are to eat unleavened bread. 19 For seven days there will be no leaven in your houses. Anyone who eats what is leavened will be cut off from the community of Israel whe ther foreigner or native born. 20 No thing leavened is to be eaten; only unleavened bread is to be eaten.”
21 Moses called all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Select and take one animal for each family and slaughter the Passover lamb. 22 Take a twig of hyssop dipped in its blood and sprinkle the blood on the doorposts and the top of the doorframe: from then on no one will go out of the door of the house before morning. 23 Because Yahweh will pass through to strike Egypt and when he sees the blood on the lintel and the doorposts, he will pass over the door and not allow the destroyer to enter your houses and kill. 24 You and your descendants shall observe these instructions as an everlasting ordinance; 25 you will carry out this ceremony when you enter the land that Yahweh will give you, as he prom ised. 26 And when your children ask you: ‘What does this ceremony mean?’ 27 you will tell them: It is the sacrifice of the Passover for Yahweh who passed over the houses of the Israelites when he struck Egypt and spared our houses.”
27 When the people heard this they bowed down and worshiped. 28 Then they went away and did what Yah weh had ordered Moses and Aaron.
Death of the firstborn
29 It happened that in the middle of the night Yahweh struck down all the firstborn in Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh, heir to the throne, to the firstborn of the prisoner in the dungeon and the firstborn of all the animals. 30 Pha raoh, his officials and all the Egyptians got up in the night and there was loud wailing in Egypt for there was no house without a death.
31 Pharaoh called Moses and Aaron in the night and said, “Get up and go from among my people, you and the people of Israel. Go and worship Yahweh as you have said! 32 Take your sheep and your cattle, as you told me, and go! provided that the blessing be for me as well.” 33 The Egyptians, too, pressed the people to leave the country in all haste. For they said, “If they don’t go, we are all going to die.”
34 So the Israelites carried away on their shoulders the dough which had not yet risen, and their kneading bowls wrapped in their cloaks. 35 They did as Moses had instructed them and borrowed from the Egyptians articles of gold and silver and clothes. 36 Yahweh made the Egyptians agree to the requests of his people and give them what they asked for. In this way they plundered the Egyptians.
37 The Israelites left Rameses for Succoth, about six hundred thou sand of them on the march, counting the men only, and not the children.
38 A great number of other people of all descriptions went with them, as well as sheep and cattle in droves.
39 With the dough they had brought with them from Egypt, they made cakes of unleavened bread. It had not risen, for when they were driven from Egypt they could not delay and had not even provided themselves with food.
40 The Israelites had been in Egypt for four hundred and thirty years. 41 It was at the end of these four hundred and thirty years to the very day that the armies of Yahweh left Egypt.
42 This is the watch for Yahweh who brought Israel out of Egypt. This night is for Yahweh, and all the Israelites are also to keep vigil on this night, year after year, for all time.
Ordinances for the Passover
43 Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron, “These are the precepts for the celebration of the Passover. No foreigner is to eat it, 44 except the slave who has been circumcised after having been bought. 45 He may eat it. But not so the temporary resident or the hired worker. 46 The lamb must be eaten inside the house and nothing of it shall be taken outside. Do not break any of its bones. 47 All the community of Israel will observe this rite.
48 If a guest is staying with you and wants to celebrate the Passover of Yahweh, he must have all the males in his household circumcised. Then he may take part like one born in the land, but no uncircumcised man may partic ipate. 49 The law is the same for the native and the stranger living with you.”
50 All the people of Israel did as Yahweh had commanded Moses and Aaron, 51 and that same day Yahweh brought out the sons of Israel and their armies from the land of Egypt.